Cropping

Cropping has always been one of those things many get confused with. Without getting to technical, we will explain how cropping and aspect ratio works with your photos in a basic way and hopefully it will explain most of your cropping questions.  Before we get started, here are some key factors:

  • Aspect ratio is the relationship of an image’s width to height. Also known as proportions.
  • 35mm film has a different aspect ratio than most digital cameras.
  • Digital cameras come in ¬†different aspect ratios, affecting the cropping ratios.
  • Every print has a different aspect ratio, meaning the cropping on a 4×6 will be different from that of an 8×10.
  • The more you “crop”, the closer or “tighter” you get.
  • The amount that is cropped from the sides, should equal the same amount cropped from the top and bottom to keep the proportion.
  • Most images will need to have a border to preserve the full frame of the image and not crop into the image.
  • If you want no border, (a bleed) your image must be cropped accordingly. Cropping will vary depending on final size.

Below is a crop for a 5×7 print from a 35mm film negative.

LEFT IMAGE: No cropping. However, there are borders, the side borders are a touch bigger than the top and bottom.

RIGHT IMAGE: Bleed image, therefore no border. Image is larger and cropped at his waist. You no longer see his black pants.

Below is the same image cropped for 8×10 from a film negative:

LEFT IMAGE: No cropping. However, there are borders, the side borders are much bigger than the top and bottom.

RIGHT IMAGE: Bleed image, therefore no border. Image is larger and cropped into his fingers. Half of his shirt has been cropped.

Comments

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